CityDreamer: Compositional Generative Model of Unbounded 3D Cities

Haozhe Xie, Zhaoxi Chen, Fangzhou Hong, Ziwei Liu

S-Lab, Nanyang Technological University

Counter arXiv HuggingFace GitHub

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TL;DR: CityDreamer learns to generate unbounded 3D cities from Google Earth imagery and OpenStreetMap.


In recent years, extensive research has focused on 3D natural scene generation, but the domain of 3D city generation has not received as much exploration. This is due to the greater challenges posed by 3D city generation, mainly because humans are more sensitive to structural distortions in urban environments. Additionally, generating 3D cities is more complex than 3D natural scenes since buildings, as objects of the same class, exhibit a wider range of appearances compared to the relatively consistent appearance of objects like trees in natural scenes. To address these challenges, we propose CityDreamer, a compositional generative model designed specifically for unbounded 3D cities, which separates the generation of building instances from other background objects, such as roads, green lands, and water areas, into distinct modules. Furthermore, we construct two datasets, OSM and GoogleEarth, containing a vast amount of real-world city imagery to enhance the realism of the generated 3D cities both in their layout and appearance. Through extensive experiments, CityDreamer has proven its superiority over state-of-the-art methods in generating a wide range of lifelike 3D cities.


  title     = {City{D}reamer: Compositional Generative Model of Unbounded 3{D} Cities},
  author    = {Xie, Haozhe and 
               Chen, Zhaoxi and 
               Hong, Fangzhou and 
               Liu, Ziwei},
  booktitle = {CVPR},
  year      = {2024}
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This study is supported by the Ministry of Education, Singapore, under its MOE AcRF Tier 2 (MOE-T2EP20221-0012), NTU NAP, and under the RIE2020 Industry Alignment Fund – Industry Collaboration Projects (IAF-ICP) Funding Initiative, as well as cash and in-kind contribution from the industry partner(s).

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