In the previous article, we’ve talked about AdaBoost which combines output of weak learners into a weighted sum that represents the final output of the boosted classifier. If you know little about AdaBoost or additive model, we highly recommend you read the article first. Gradient boosting is a machine learning technique for regression and classification problems, which produces a prediction model in the form of an ensemble of weak prediction models, typically decision trees.
Random forests are an ensemble learning method for classification, regression and other tasks, that operate by constructing a multitude of decision trees at training time and outputting the class that is the mode of the classes (classification) or mean prediction (regression) of the individual trees. Random decision forests correct for decision trees’ habit of overfitting to their training set. Random Forest builds many trees using a subset of the available input variables and their values, it inherently contains some underlying decision trees that omit the noise generating variable/feature(s).
What’s a decision tree? A decision tree is a flowchart-like structure in which each internal node represents a “test” on an attribute (e.g. whether a coin flip comes up heads or tails), each branch represents the outcome of the test and each leaf node represents a class label (decision taken after computing all attributes). The paths from root to leaf represent classification rules. Overview A decision tree is a flowchart-like structure in which each internal node represents a “test” on an attribute (e.